Thursday, 12 June 2008

Class of 2008

Thank you for all your hard work and efforts.
I hope that the blog has helped in some way with your revision, and thank you for completing the questionnaires.

If you are thinking of returning to do IB from Sept - then please pick up a letter about the trip to Iceland over October half term - I need to have your deposit by 18th June.

I wish you all every success.
Mrs N

'May you build a ladder to the stars
And climb on every rung,
May you stay forever young'
(Bob Dylan)

Monday, 9 June 2008

make sure you cover these ....

core periphery, ERDF, CAP, European Investment Bank, Structural funds
Demographic transition model, birth rate death rates etc, pop pyramids
Push pull migration, shanty towns, a development project in an LEDC
Monsoon and cyclones
Conditions favouring rice cultivation and Green Revolution
Amazonia, climate, nutrient cycle, how does vegetation adapt. Reasons for deforestation – link to global warming
Channel tunnel and links – may link with core periphery
Global warming – always comes up.... (causes, why does sea level rise, effects, management local, national and global)
Rotterdam - map
Factors influencing farming in Mezzogiorno and Casa and IMP

There will be questions that cover all of the syllabus - so you can't leave out any topic.
There will be maps, photographs and graphs. You can expect to have to label a diagram, draw a sketch map and interpret a graph.

Read your command words

When analysing a graph - remember overall trend, specific points, any anomalies

Revision Session: paper 2

Sunday, 8 June 2008

Core - periphery

2005 Explain why the core region is richer than the periphery (3)

The ERDF is one of several ways in which the EU has tried to reduce the differences between the richest and the poorest areas. Other attempted solutions are:

  • The Common Agricultural Policy

  • European Investment Bank Fund

  • Structural Fund

Choose one of these attempted solutions and describe how it tries to reduce the differences between the richest and the poorest areas. (2)

2004 Describe the pattern of GNP per capita as shown on the map (4)

2003 What does fig 6 show about GNP per head and distance from the centre of Europe? (2)

Questions: Channel links

2005 Using Fig 9 describe the main advantages of the Channel Tunnel (4)

For one major port that you have studied, which has sea links between England and Continental Europe, describe its port infrastructure (facilities for handling passengers and cargo) (4)

Questions: Mezzogiorno

2007 Using fig 9 and your own knowledge, describe the difficulties of farming in the Mezzogiorno (6)

2006 Describe recent improvements made in the Mezzogiorno and explain how they have helped to improve the standard of living for farmers (9)

Explain one factor, other than farming, that has led to recent migration into the Mezzogiorno (2)

2005 What is the meaning of the letters IMP? (1)

Give one difference between the use of money from the Cassa and the use of money under the IMP (1)

Suggest why this change has taken place (2)

Explain how physical factors in Southern Italy make farming difficult (4)

How have the changes introduced to farming helped farmers to increase their income (4)

Using figures 13 and 14 and your own knowledge, describe the improvements to farming and to land reform that have taken place in Southern Italy (9)

2004 Describe one way in which land reform has changed farming in the Mezzogiorno (2)


Using the photograph and your own knowledge, describe traditional farming in the Mezzogiorno (6)

Farming in the Mezzogiorno has changed as a result of the work of the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno and, more recently, the Integrated Mediterranean Programme (IMP) Explain how the work of the Cassa and the IMP has improved farming in the Mezzogiorno (6)

Questions: Ganges

2006 Draw a labelled cross section to show the features of a tropical storm (cyclone) (4)

Explain the formation of the Ganges Delta. You may use a diagram (s) in your answer. (6)

you may use a diagram .... but you don't have to in this case!

Using information in Fig 11 and your own knowledge, explain the likely effects of tropical storms in the Ganges Delta (9)

Describe the main physical features of the delta (2)
Explain how the delta has been formed. You may use diagrams to help your answer (6)

Explain how physical factors have encouraged the growth of intensive rice cultivation in the area shown. (4)

2004 Describe how the people who live in the Ganges Delta may be affected by changes in sea level (6)

2003 Describe the tropical monsoon climate (4)

Explain how the tropical monsoon is caused (6)

Explain how a cyclone is formed (3)

Why do many people in the Ganges Delta die as a result of a cyclone? (4)

Describe the farming activity shown in the photograph (2) subsistence rice cultivation

Give 3 physical reasons why the Ganges Delta is a suitable area for growing rice (3)

The Ganges Delta is part of two countries India and Bangladesh. Both these countries have high birthrates and falling death rates. For either India or Bangladesh suggest reasons for the high birth rate. (6)

Give two ways of reducing the damage caused by tropical storms, either in the long term or in the short term (2)

2006 Describe the physical advantages for subsistence rice farming in the Ganges Delta (4)

2006 Explain how the tropical monsoon is caused in summer. (4)

Questions: Global Warming

2007 Explain what is being done to reduce global warming and to manage its consequences (6)

2006 The cutting down of tropical rainforest is one of the reasons for an increasing greenhouse effect around the earth. Explain how it has helped to increase the greenhouse effect. (6)

Sea defences are one way in which the effects of global warming can be managed.

Name two types of sea defence (2)

Choose one type of sea defence and explain how it may reduce the effect of global warming (2)

2005 Name three areas shown on the map which are liable to flooding if the temperature rises (3)

Explain why many areas are in danger of flooding as a result of global warming (4)

Describe the effects of global warming on the people living in one or more of the low-lying areas that you have studied. (4)

2003 The greenhouse effect may be caused by burning fossil fuels and cutting down the rainforests.

How does burning fossil fuels help to cause the greenhouse effect? (2)

How does cutting down the rainforests help to cause the greenhouse effect? (2)

Suggest how the effects of global warming could be reduced. (4)


Explain how global warming can be reduced and how its consequences can be managed. (9)


Explain why the sea level may change as a result of global warming (3)

Questions: Aid

2007 Describe the difference between short-term aid and long-term aid (4)

Suggest one way in which an international aid donor could encourage sustainable development in another country(1)

2006 What is the difference between bilateral aid and multilateral aid? (2)

Many LEDCs are being helped by development projects. Describe the main features of the development project that you have studied and say how the project has helped the local people. (9)

2004 What is meant by each of the following terms: (2)
  • Short-term aid
  • Voluntary aid

2003 Name each of these types of aid: (2)
1. Aid given by charities

2. Government to government aid, usually with some conditions attached

Suggest why a country has received a large amount of short- term aid (1)

Many LEDCs are being helped by development projects. Describe how a development project in an LEDC you have studied has helped the local people (9)

Questions: Urbanisation, squatter settlements,

2007 Name one large urban area which has experienced rapid population growth in recent years (1)

What is the meaning of the term 'urbanisation'? (2)

Describe the pull factors which help to explain the rapid growth of urban areas in LEDCs (4)

Using fig 14 and your knowledge of a large urban area, describe the conditions that have developed in squatter settlements (9)


Describe the pattern of urban growth as shown in Fig 20 (4)

With reference to India or Bangladesh, explain how push and pull factors are responsible for rapid urban growth. (4)

The rapid growth of some of these cities has led to the development of squatter settlements. What is the meaning of the trem 'squatter settlement'? (1)

With the aid of Fig 21 and your own knowledge, describe how conditions in a squatter settlement may improve over time (4)

Describe the main features of a development project in an LEDC that you have studied. (6)


Suggest two push reasons why people in LEDCs leave the countryside and move to cities (2)

Many people who live in squatter settlements work in the informal sector of the economy. Give one example of a job that may be found in the informal sector of the economy (1)

2004 Describe the pattern of urban population as shown by Fig 12 (6)

2003 Describe three features of a squatter settlement (3)

Describe two ways of improving conditions in squatter settlements (4)

Questions: Amazonia

2007 Explain the features of the temperature of Amazonia as shown in Fig 11 (4)

Traditional farming in Amazonia is a type of subsistence farming called 'shifting cultivation' (slash and burn). Explain why shifting cultivation is an example of sustainable development (2)

Describe the ways in which recent developments in Amazonia have affected the environment and the people in this part of Brazil (9)

2004 Describe and explain the main features of the equatorial climate (6)

Annotate figure 9 to show three ways in which the vegetation has adapted to the climate and soil conditions (6)

Describe traditional shifting cultivation in Amazonia (6)

How has the environment and that of the surrounding area been affected by large open cast mining? (4) note: this question is asking for local effects NOT global effects.

Recently ecotourism has become popular in Amazonia. With the help of Fig 11, explain why the holiday advertised could be described as an ecotourism holiday (6)

Questions: Rotterdam

2007 Explain why Rotterdam is considered to be part of the core of the European Union (4)

There are several planning issues in the Rotterdam / Europoort conurbation. Describe what has been done to solve this planning issue (6)

2006 A conurbation has many functions. What is the meaning of the term 'function'? (1)

2005 Map (4)

List three different functions of the Rotterdam / Europoort Conurbation (3)

2004 Draw a labelled sketch map to show the location of Rotterdam / Europoort (4)

List three of its important functions (3)

Questions: Mediterranean Spain

2007 Name one of the Balearic islands (1)

Give one climatic factor which has led to the growth of tourism in Mediterranean Spain (1)

Explain the problems and benefits that tourism has brought to the economy of Mediterranean Spain (9)

2006 Describe the main features of the Mediterranean climate (4)

Why is the Mediterranean climate attractive to tourists from Northern Europe? (4)

Explain the environmental problems linked with large hotel complexes in Mediterranean Spain. (6)


Name a major tourist area in Mediterranean Spain (1)

What are the climatic attractions referred to in Fig 11 (3) what is it about the climate that attracts tourists?

What are the 'other' reasons referred to in Fig 11 (3) what factors, other than the climate, attracts tourists to Mediterranean Spain?

How might the environment be damaged by tourists visiting Mediterranean Spain? (6)

Questions: Japan

2007 Name one Japanese TNC which produces motor vehicles (1)

Explain why some Japanese TNCs are investing in the EU (4)

Using Fig 12 and fig 12b, compare the distribution of the Japanese motor vehicle industry with that of the Japanese electronics industry (4)

hint: in a question that asks you to compare, you must state similarities AND differences.

2005 Describe the distribution of the Japanese electronics industry. (2)

Explain the distribution of the Japanese electronics industry (6)

Using one or more named locations, describe the ways in which the Japanese have attempted to reduce industrial pollution (6)

2007 With reference to a named area (s), explain how the environment of Japan has been polluted by industrial production

Japan has many transnational corporations (TNCs). What is the meaning of the term 'transnational corporation'? (2)

Some Japanese motor vehicles and electronics companies have invested in overseas countries. Give two reasons why the Japanese have invested outside Japan. (2)

2003 Give two reasons why the coastal areas of Japan have a high population density (4)

2003 Japan has many trans- national corporations. Give 2 reasons why Japanese TNCs want to set up factories in the European Union (4)

energy wise

Tuesday, 3 June 2008