Monday, 28 December 2009

just a reminder

Year 11 are following AQA syllabus B and so should be using this blog

Years 9 and 10 are following the new AQA syllabus A and so should be looking at:

Tuesday, 1 September 2009


Fantastic results 11C - 100% pass rate - well done to all of you. All your hard work paid off and I am so pleased for you.
10 grade A*
6 grade A
3 grade B
5 grade C


I was actually in Jaipur on the day that results were published and so missed out on seeing you - but I did ring Mr M to find out!!!!

Hope you have all had a really good summer and wish you well in your future studies / careers.

For those of you going on to do Geog post 16, you might be interested in coming along to a lecture being given by Dr Iain Stewart (BBC Power of the Planet series) at the end of September at KEGS. I'll be taking one of the TG minibuses along and it would be good if some of you could join us. I can promise you - it will be well worth you attending and it is relevant for both IB or A level. More details to follow.

Keep in touch

Mrs N

Monday, 6 July 2009

Relevant blogs for years 9,10 and 11

Sept 09
Year 11 are following AQA syllabus B

Year 10 are following new AQA syllabus A
use and

Year 9 are following new AQA syllabus A

Sorry if this seems confusing!
Mrs N

Monday, 8 June 2009

Paper 2 tomorrow

Thanks for your help in compiling the question bank this morning. I've put together the powerpoint with all questions onto the blog and you will see that the last two slides show which maps and climate graphs have come up and when.

I'll also put a posting with the other powerpoints that were available for you to refer to this morning and remember to go over the powerpoint already on the blog with various revision sheets 'Revision for paper 2'

It's silly to speculate - but....
revise the formation of a delta.
It's about time there was a big mark monsoon question.
The motor vehicle industy in Japan along with foreign investment by TNCs is worth going over.
learn the Vietnam dyke Development project - pg 188 in textbook
Rotterdam - functions and planning issues
Med Spain - economic and environmental advantages / disadvantages of tourism
Global warming - how to manage the consequenes at different levels (textbook page 201 - 202)

Remember to.....
  • Check through the paper cover to cover before you start to make sure that all sides are printed on.
  • Check that you have all the insert documents
  • See where the big mark questions are and make sure you allocate plenty of time to do them
  • Underline command words - in this paper particularly there will be 'using fig 2 and your own knowledge describe ...... and ......' So make sure you answer ALL PARTS of the question.
  • Remember 'SO WHAT' to make link statements
  • Only answer the Rotterdam / Europoort question for a major conurbation - don't even think about doing the Ruhr, Milan etc.
  • show that you have knowledge of case studies by throwing in examples and names. Prove what you know!!!

Mr Nailor will be starting the exam tomorrow as I'm teaching my IB group but I will try to be there for the end of it! You've covered the syllabus, done loads of exam question practise and so can do this - be confident!!!!

Good luck!
Mrs N

2003 - 2008 question summary

Monday, 1 June 2009

last posting

I do envy you guys able to enjoy the sunshine whilst some of us are in a hot stuffy L24!
I've uploaded the two revision presentations that I did before half term and also there are two that I am going to go through with you tomorrow - if you are really keen then you can have sneak preview and learn all the answers before the lesson.

Keep smiling - you have covered the entire syllabus, had lots of past paper questions and know all the exam tricks (those command words!!!).

Make sure you get some 'me' time today and I'll see you all tomorrow.

Tuesday, 14 April 2009

Case study - Bangladesh flooding 2004

Bangladesh is a low lying country most of which lies on the delta of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna.

Why the flood risk?

Physical factors:
Sources of rivers are in Himalayas so snowmelt adds to the discharge during spring
S Asia has a monsoon climate and experiences a wet season between May and September when low pressure and winds blowing from SW across Bay of Bengal bring heavy rain to coastal regions.
Bangladesh also suffers from cyclones that bring high winds, heavy rainfall and storm surges.

Human Factors:
Urbanisation - the capital city Dhaka now has a population of more than 1 million people
Rapid deforestation in Himalayas has had a negative effect on rates of interception and evapotranspiration resulting in more water reaching the rivers.
river management is difficult to implement in LEDCs. Average GDP per capita is around $300.
Population rely on subsistence agriculture to survive growing rice on rented plots of land so there is little income from taxation for Government and Bangladesh relies heavily on foreign aid to finance large scale development project which might help prevent floods.

In 2004 the monsoon season brought more rainfall than usual.

Social impacts:
36 million people were made homeless
By mid September the death toll had risen to 800. People died as a result of disease because they had no access to clean water.
Landless labourers and small farmers were the most severely affected in rural areas and in the urban areas it was typically the slum dwellers squatting on poorly drained land who suffered the most.

Economic impacts:
Flood also caused serious damage to infrastructure – roads, bridges, embankments, railway lines, irrigation systems
All domestic and internal flights had to be suspended during July
Road and rail links into Dhaka were severely affected
Value of damage was assessed as being in region of $2.2 billion of 4% of total GDP for 2004

Environmental impacts:
During July and August approximately 38% of the total land area was flooded including 800,000 ha of agricultural land and Dhaka
Floods caused river bank erosion especially on embankment areas close to the main channels, soil erosion, water-logging, water contamination

Short term responses
The government working with non-governmental organisations provided emergency relief: rice, clothing, medicines, blankets and towels

In July the United Nations activated a disaster management team to coordinate the activities of the various UN agencies. They supplied critical emergency supplies and conducted a ‘damage and needs assessment’ in affected areas.

Bilateral aid from individual countries was directed to the UN team.
Self help schemes – local people worked together to rebuild their properties and communities.

Long – term responses
Long term responses to major floods are largely dependent on foreign aid from both official and unofficial sources. Previous river management schemes implemented y foreigners and funded by aid have proved to be inadequate. These schemes paid little attention to knowledge of rivers and many attempts at river management failed

Recent small scale community based projects have resulted in lives being saved. Food shelters and early warning systems have been successfully put in place.

Following the 2004 floods additional financial aid was granted for a period of 5 years. This was mainly in the form of a loan from the World Bank to pay for repairs to infrastructure, water resource management and education.

And the future?
Disaster preparedness is a key priority for the future. This includes flood management and improved water resources. It is also planned that flood-resistant designs should be used in all social and economic infrastructure projects

Wednesday, 11 February 2009

Sunday, 8 February 2009

Early bird revision sessions:

Grab yourself a bacon roll from the canteen and then head up to L24. All sessions start at 8am!!!

6th March
- Mr Nailor will be reviewing the Japan unit
13th March - Mr McLoughlin will be showing you that Glaciation really is a cool topic
20th March - Mr McLoughlin and I will be looking at topics from the Urban unit of work and getting in some OS practise
27th March - Mr Nailor again - this time going over the Ganges delta work and in particular the mysteries of the monsoon.
2nd April - me, this time looking at rivers with some OS mapwork practise.

Any other topics you'd like to go over - let Mr Mcloughlin or me know asap please.


Britain from Above: A very British Farm

Britain from Above: Farming the Food shortage

Farming from Space

Upper course of river valleys

I came across this video which you might find useful:

Find more videos like this on Key Stage 3 Geography Ning

Friday, 6 February 2009

Saturday, 31 January 2009

Japan - problems of environmental destruction and pollution

choose any two problems. Explain how each of your chosen problems has been caused.

Water poisoning
In 1956 there was a leak of organic mercury (methyl mercury) in waste from the Chisso Chemical Company plant at Minamata. The company produced nitrogen based fertilisers. The organic mercury was contained in waste water and led to a lot of fish and sea birds being killed. It also found its way into the food chain through seafood and affected the nervous system, leading to

Air pollution in Tokyo
Between 1950 and 1980 there were particularly high levels of sulphur dioxide particulates and other gases released through car exhaust emissions and the burning of household rubbish. Due to the short chimneys on heavy industry plants the dust and gas emissions fell on nearby towns rather than being carried higher into the atmosphere and dispersed in air currents. Burning coal in power stations releases sulphur dioxide and winds carried coal dust and dust from other raw materials into the air.

Japan assessment 3

Eventually Mr Misato chose to build his car assembly plant in the UK. Suggest two reasons why (2 marks)

1. He does not need to pay EU taxes on exports to Europe
Costs for labourers and factory workers is cheaper than in Japan

2. Because then he has a wider market at which to sell products
Tax and costs of transporting the goods are reduced significantly

3. The UK is in the EU so he could bypass EU tariff and avoid having to pay heavy tax as foreign countries bringing products into the EU
EU labour charges are cheaper so the cars will be made more cheaply so it can be competitively priced.

4. Europe provides a large market in which to sell. UK is in this.
Japan's materials are all shipped in some from the UK, you can reduce this expense.

which of these answers is the best?
What is wrong with the last answer?

Factors to include:
1. Bypass EU tariffs - any manufactured goods made outside the EU but sold within have to pay tax. By locating the company within the EU no levy is paid therefore cars are priced competitively
2. Transport costs are lower for bulky items.
3. Labour charges are lower in the UK than in Japan. This leads to lower production costs and thus competitive prices.
4. EU provides a large market - >300 million people
5. In certain locations regional aid is available to assist with establishing the factory
6. Imported Japanese goods need adaptations to meet EU regulations therefore it is easier to construct the vehicles near where they are to be sold.

Japan assessment 2 - car industry location

suggest why Mr Misato would be more likely to build his car assembly plant at location B than at location A

Do the words ' more likely' imply the need for comparison?

Location be is situated on the coast and this land is generally flatter and therefore it would fulfil the requirements for building a factory with a large assembly line. Furthermore location B is more densely populated providing the car manufacturers with a large market to which they can sell their goods. As B is located on the coast it is likely that a deep water port can be found nearby, this can be used to transport the goods made or to import components to the factory. Finally in these areas many factories are usually found which can supply the factory with components for their assembly line and there fore reduce transport costs.

This answer is rather lengthy - what is relevant and what could be omitted?
Location b is on the coast of Honshu where land is much flatter in comparison to the mountainous environment of location A. Therefore as car assembly plants require a large amount of land A would be unsuitable for him. In addition, Japan has little raw materials so they have to be imported. Therefore transporting from the port to the assembly line is expensive and ultimately the manufactured cars would have to be exported, so money from transporting can be saved by locating near the ports. The lowland areas near the coast are already popular with industries and therefore they could then apply the just in time process as the materials needed may be in a nearby component factory. This would increase their efficiency. The increased competition may lead to competitive process helping the assembly plant. The land in the centre of Honshu is steep and mountainous therefore many people live in the lowland coastal areas. Therefore there is a large supply of skilled labour nearby that would work in the car assembly plant.

At location B is closer to the sea to raw materials such as iron ore from Australia can be imported by ships. Also at location D it is easier for cars to be exported by ship to other countries to be sold. From location B it may be easier to get power from nearby power stations and at this location they might be near a steel works factory for it is easier for the car company to maintain steel with a lower transportation cost. The reason steel and power stations might be located there could be because they could use the water area. Location A is not close to the sea so transportation costs may be higher as they transport the goods not only over sea but by road as well.

This needs editing too:
Mr Misato is more likely to build his car assembly plant at location B rather than at A because B is on the coast. This means it will be near a deep water port where ships can unload components and other raw materials. This means by having his assembly plant here, the transport costs would be lower because the companies would not have to travel far to get to the plant. The components would probably follow the 'just in time' system and therefore location B is much better than location A because everything you need is there including: deep water port, steelworks, power plant, main roads and flat land. Having the steel works nearby is good to lower transport costs. The power plant and national grid means they can get the electricity they need. Main roads are good so components can get from one place to another efficiently. In location A, the land would be mountainous, and therefore not ideal for a large assembly plant however in Location B because it is near the coast there will be flat land. If any more land is needed it can be reclaimed from the sea, or terraces built to make flat land. Also location B will have a higher population than location A. The mountainous areas aren't highly populated because of high land. Whereas on flat land, where jobs and skilled labour forces are, there are many people to work in the new plant.
Are these Level 1 (basic) Level 2 (clear) or Level 3 (detailed) answers
How can these answers be improved?
What is meant by agglomeration?

Japan assessment

How have automation and mass production helped to make car assembly an important industry in Japan? (4 marks)
Automation increases a factories output as machines work 24 hours a day unlike humans and make less errors. Also they do not require food and clean conditions etc so reduce manufacturing costs. Consequently the industry is more successful as profit is increased. Also, mass production reduces unit costs as materials are bought in bulk so more profit is made per unit. This has the same effect as previously mentioned. This allows development which causes the motor industry to count for a larger proportion of exports.

Mike's answer:
Automation provides an important part to industry in Japan as it reduces labour costs and wages as machines are used instead of people. Furthermore, they work much faster and more efficiently and accurately so cars are produced faster and to a greater quality. This has allowed mass production to produce large numbers of cars in shorter spaces of time so then the production cost is less so there is a higher profit margin for car industries.

Isobel's answer
Automation and mass production increase the speed of production of goods because methods such as just - in - time means that as soon as components arrive i nthe factories they are used along a large flat line of processes (assembly line?) Mass production makes car industry important because car pieces (components?) are produced on a larger scale which saves money and time. Automation means that machines are doing the job of humans which means the end products will be made quicker and to a better degree of accuracy
Jamie's answer:
Automation allows robots to work for a large amount of time, much longer than humans. A robot is able to work for 24 hours, 7 days a week providing they are well serviced. This saves the business money as less workers are required and more products can be manufactured. Furthermore, by mass producing components for cars are bought in bulk and therefore are cheaper for the company, increasing their profit and allowing them to produce cars efficiently to the orders.

Are these good answers?
Are they focused on the question?
Is it clear what is meant by mass production?
Is it clear what is meant by mass production?
Does it state how these processes have made car assembly an important industry?

What about this answer?:
1. Automation has allowed car components to be built by robots so the process is more accurate and reliable and more efficient (....Than what?) Also automation has allowed components of cars to be made 24/7 and mass produced more frequently because workers aren't efficient and so reliable as human workers. Automation and mass production both can produce large amounts of cars which have a very high standard.

2. Automation has helped Japan because it provides a quick way to manufacture cars. Also, these machines do not need paying so the company can save money this way.

3. By using the just in time method and assembly method of building cars the Japanese have a large enthusiastic workforce. Automation, the use of machines, has improved the quality of products and the speed they are built. They can work all day and do not need paying however they need someone to control them this creates work for locals.

What advice would you give to each of the last three ?

What is meant by 'economies of scale'?